Citation Styles

BibTeX Code

Citation Examples

The following codes are for supplementary use with the NPS thesis LaTeX template, available at
https://wiki.nps.edu/display/LaTexTP/LaTex+Thesis+Portal. The template comes prepackaged with a BibTeX tool.

 

Source Type

BibTeX Code Examples

Book (Print)  

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@book{orend_2013,
  author        = "B. Orend",
  title         = "Morality of War",
  publisher     = "Broadview Press",
  address       = "Tonawanda, NY",
  edition       = "2nd ed.",
  year          = "2013",
}

Book Chapters
(in Edited Books)

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An edited book that is really a volume in a multi-book series.
@incollection{stein_1994,
  author        = "L. Stein",
  editor        = "J. S. Brake",
  title         = "Random patterns",
  booktitle     = "Computers and You",
  publisher     = "Wiley",
  address       = "New York, NY",
  year          = "1994",
  pages         = "55--70",
}

Books (Electronic Version of a Print Book)

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Normal ebook entry, with howpublished decorations.
@ebook{krishnan_2008,
  author        = "A. Krishnan",
  title         = "War as Business: Technological Change and Military Service Contracting",
  year          = "2008",
  howpublished  = "[Ebrary version]. [Online]",
  url           = "http://www.ebrary.com/corp/",
}

Book (in a Series)

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This is not just a book, but a part of a book portion (since there is page range),
so the inbook class is more appropriate. If there were no pages, we could use book.
@inbook{abramowitz_64,
  editor        = "M. Abramowitz and I. A. Stegun",
  title         = "Handbook of Mathematical Functions",
  series        = "Applied Mathematics Series 55",
  publisher     = "NBS",
  address       = "Washington, DC",
  pages         = "32--33",
  year          = "1964",
}

Book (Portion)

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Normal use of inbook used for a book portion.
@inbook{orend_2013b,
  author        = "B. Orend",
  title         = "Morality of War",
  publisher     = "Broadview Press",
  address       = " Tonawanda, NY",
  edition       = "2nd ed.",
  year          = "2013",
  chapter       = "2, sec.\ 3",
  pages         = "67--70",
}

Book (Volume)

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Normal use of incollection for a chapter in a volume of collected works.
@incollection{myer_77,
  author        = "R. L. Myer",
  editor        = "P. G. Harper and B. S. Wherret",
  title         = "Parametric oscillators and nonlinear materials",
  booktitle     = "Nonlinear Optics",
  publisher     = "Academic Press",
  address       = "San Francisco, CA",
  year          = "1977",
  volume        = "4",
  pages         = "47--160",
}

Class Notes

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We need to use misc for class notes.
@misc{NPS_notes_2013,
  title         = "New applications in computational mechanics",
  organization  = "Dept. of Mech. and Aerosp. Eng., Naval Postgraduate School",
  howpublished  = "class notes for Computational Mechanics",
  address       = "Monterey, CA",
  year          = "spring 2013"
}

Computer Program

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Variant of ebook, requiring (mis-)use of the author field to get desired style.
@ebook{panda1,
  author        = "{Panda Security, Maitland, FL}",
  title         = "Panda Free Antivirus",
  url           = "http://download.cnet.com/Panda-Free-Antivirus/3000-2239_4-10914099.html",
  year          = "2016",
  note          = "Accessed Jan. 12, 2016",
}

Software follows the manual style.
@manual{panda2,
  title         = "Windows 98",
  organization  = "Microsoft Corporation",
  address       = "Redmond, WA",
  note          = "1998",
}

Conference Paper (Presented)

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Use misc for presentations, use inproceedings if there is an associated published work.
@misc{kirby_2013,
  author        = "K. Kirby and J. Stratton",
  title         = "{Van Allen} probes: Successful launch campaign and early operations exploring earth's

radiation belts",
  howpublished  = "presented at IEEE Aerospace Conference",
  address       = "Big Sky, MT",
  year          = "2013",
}

Conference Paper (in Published Proceedings)

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Normal use of inproceedings class.
@inproceedings{janow_1994,
  author        = "C. Janow",
  title         = "Guidance and control components for space applications",
  booktitle     = "Proceedings National Electronics Conference",
  year          = "1994",
  volume        = "24",
  pages         = "30--35",
}

Normal use of inproceedings class.
@inproceedings{delac_20014,
  author        = "K. Delac and M. Grgic",
  title         = "A survey of biometric recognition methods",
  booktitle     = "46th International Symposium on Electronics",
  address       = "Zadar, Croatia",
  year          = "2004",
  pages         = "184--193",
}

Database

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Normal use of electronic class.
@electronic{nsa_ipac_2012,
  author        = "{NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database}",
  organization  = "Object name IRAS F00400+4059",
  url           = "http://nedwww.ipac.caltech.edu/",
  note          = "Accessed Dec. 10, 2012",
}

Directives and Instructions

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Directives follow the manual style.
@manual{dod_5000.1,
  title         = "The Defense Acquisition System",
  howpublished  = "DOD Directive 5000.1",
  organization  = "Under Secretary of Defense (AT\&L)",
  address       = "Washington, DC",
  year          = "2003",
  pages         = "20--21",
}

Handbook or
Field Manual

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A handbook follows the manual style.
@manual{transmission_comm_85,
  title         = "Transmission Systems for Communications",
  edition       = "3rd",
  organization  = "Western Elect. Co.",
  address       = "Winston-Salem, NC",
  year          = "1985",
  pages         = "44--60",
}

Handbook or
Report Online

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Online handbooks follow the electronic class.
@electronic{talleen_1996,
  author        = "S. L. Talleen",
  title         = "The IntraNet architecture: Managing information in the new paradigm",
  organization  = "Amdahl Corps",
  address       = "Sunnyvale, CA",
  year          = "1996",
  month         = Aug,
  url           = "http://www.Amdahl.com/doc/products/bsg/intra/intra/html",
}

Journal Article

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Normal use of article class.
@article{wang_2014,
  author        = "W. Q. Wang and H. Shao",
  title         = "High altitude platform multichannel {SAR} for wide-area and staring imaging",
  journal       = "Aerosp. and Electron. Syst.",
  volume        = "29",
  number        = "25",
  month         = mar,
  year          = "2014",
  pages         = "12--17"
}

Journal Article (Electronic)

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An electronic entry populated with special journal information.
@electronic{semilof_1996,
  author        = "M. Semilof",
  title         = "Driving commerce to the Web---Corporate Intranets and the Internet: Lines blur",
  journal       = "Communications Week",
  volume        = "6",
  number        = "19",
  year          = "1996",
  month         = "July 15",
  url           = "http://www.techweb.com/se/index.html",
}

Legislative Documents

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Variant of electronic with strange authors, use journal field to put title in italics.
@electronic{congress_1991,
  author        = "{U.S. House. 102nd Congress, 1st Session}",
  journal       = "H. Con. Res. 1, Sense of the Congress on Approval of Military Action",
  year          = "1991",
  month         = "Jan. 11",
  url           = "http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z?c102:H.CON.RES.1.IH",
}

Magazine/Newspaper (Online)

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Variant electronic, use journal when publisher is a recognized publication.
@electronic{ellwood_2013,
  author        = "A. Ellwood",
  title         = "Plagiarism isn't the sincerest form of flattery",
  journal       = "Forbes",
  year          = "2013",
  month         = "Feb. 11",
  url           = "http://www.forbes.com/sites/andyellwood/2013/02/11/plagiarism-isnt-the-sincerest-form-

of-flattery/",
}

Variant electronic, use journal when publisher is a recognized publication.
@electronic{martin_2014,
  author        = "J. Martin",
  title         = "Senator quits Montana race after charge of plagiarism",
  journal       = "New York Times",
  year          = "2014",
  month         = "Aug. 7",
  url           = "http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/08/us/politics/john-walsh-drops-campaign-under-pressure-

from-democrats.html?_r=0",
}

Patent

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Normal use of patent class.
@patent{wilkinson_1990,
  author        = "J. P. Wilkinson",
  title         = "Nonlinear resonant circuit devices",
  nationality   = "United States",
  number        = "3 624 125",
  day           = "16",
  month         = aug,
  year          = "1990",
}

Patent (Available Online)

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Variant of electronic, use journal to make title in italics.
@electronic{brooks_1992,
  title          = "Musical toothbrush with adjustable neck and mirror, by L. M. R. Brooks",
  journal        = "Patent D 326 189",
  year           = "1992",
  month          = jul,
  day            = "19",
  note           = "Available: NEXIS Library: LEXPAT File: DESIGN",
}

Personal Communications (Emails, Letters, Conversations)

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Use misc.
@misc{alexander_2012,
  author        = "D. D. Alexander",
  howpublished  = "private communication",
  year          = "2012",
  month         = aug,
}

Report or Technical Paper

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Normal use of techreport class.
@techreport{reber_1988,
  author        = "E. E. Reber and R. L. Michell and C. J. Carter",
  title         = "Oxygen absorption in the earth's atmosphere",
  institution   = "Aerosp. Corp.",
  address       = "Los Angeles, CA",
  number        = "TR-2000 (4230-46)-3",
  month         = nov,
  year          = "1988",
}

Standard

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Standards fit well with manual class.
@manual{ieee_308,
  title         = "IEEE Criteria for Class IE Electric Systems",
  howpublished  = "IEEE Standard 308",
  year          = "1969",
}

Thesis and Dissertation

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Normal use of mastersthesis class. By default the type is "Master's thesis".
If we want something more specific like M.S. thesis, we need to set a new type field.
@mastersthesis{kawasaki_1993,
  author        = "N. Kawasaki",
  title         = "Parametric study of thermal and chemical nonequilibrium nozzle flow",
  school        = "Dept. Electron. Eng., Osaka Univ.",
  address       = "Osaka, Japan",
  type          = "M.S. thesis",
  year          = "1993",
}

Normal use of phdthesis class.
@phdthesis{williams_1993,
  author        = "J. O. Williams",
  title         = "Narrow-band analyzer",
  school        = "Dept. Elect. Eng., Harvard Univ.",
  address       = "Cambridge, MA",
  year          = "1993"
}

Unpublished Works

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Normal use of unpublished class.
@unpublished{garcia_unpub,
  author        = "L. J. Garcia",
  title         = "New ideas for security in democracies",
  note          = "unpublished"
}

Web/Internet Article (with Author and Date)

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Normal use of electronic class.
@electronic{kaneshiro_2011,
  author        = "J. Kaneshiro",
  title         = "Nano technology marches on",
  month         = "Dec. 3",
  year          = "2011",
  url           = "http://www.army.mil/article/70358/Nano_technology_marches_on/",
}

Normal use of electronic class.
@electronic{vergun_2014,
  author        = "D. Vergun",
  title         = "Smarter robots partnering with soldiers",
  month         = "Aug. 14",
  year          = "2014",
  url           = "http://www.army.mil/article/131847/Smarter_ground_robots_partnering_with_Soldiers/",
}

Web/Internet Article
(No Author)

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Normal use of electronic class.
@electronic{raytheon_2014,
  title         = "{Raytheon} fires four {TALON} laser-guided rockets from {MD 530G} helicopter",
  month         = "Jul. 31",
  year          = "2014",
  organization  = "Raytheon",
  url           = "http://raytheon.mediaroom.com/index.php?s=43&item=2624",
}

Web/Internet Article
(No Author, No Date)

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Normal use of electronic class.
@electronic{dept_vet_2013,
  title         = "Veteran voices on {PTSD}",
  year          = "n.d.",
  organization  = "U.S. Dept. of Veterans Affairs",
  url           = "http://maketheconnection.net/conditions/ptsd2",
  note          = "Accessed Nov. 13, 2013",
}

Normal use of electronic class, note special escaping of # in the url.
@electronic{nps_tpo_2014,
  title         = "Compliance matters",
  year          = "n.d.",
  organization  = "Naval Postgraduate School Thesis Processing Office",
  url           = "http://www.nps.edu/research/research1.html\#Compliance",
  note          = "Accessed Mar. 14, 2014",
}

 Wikipedia

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Variant of electronic class, treating Wikipedia like a publication name.
@electronic{wiki_2016,
  title         = "Strength training",
  journal       = "Wikipedia",
  year          = "n.d.",
  url           = "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strength_training",
  note          = "Accessed Apr. 28, 2016.",
}

 YouTube

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Variant of electronic.
@electronic{youtube_2013,
  author        = "{HKUST Library}",
  title         = "How to cite in IEEE style",
  howpublished  = "[YouTube video]",
  year          = "2013",
  month         = "Oct. 9",
  url           = "http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=18uWvm6W4bc",
  note          = "Accessed Jun. 12, 2014",
}

Variant of electronic.
@electronic{youtube_2014,
  author        = "{IEEE}",
  title         = "IEEE one voice",
  howpublished  = "[YouTube video]",
  year          = "n.d.",
  url           = "https://www.youtube.com/user/IEEEorg",
  note          = "Accessed Aug. 14, 2014",
}