Citation Tools

Reference management tools can help you:

  • Import and organize citations from article databases and websites
  • Reuse citations in multiple papers and/or different citation styles
  • Use word processor plug-ins to insert citations and build bibliographies 
  • Newer products may allow you to:
    • directly search databases from within the tool;
    • upload, annotate and take notes on pdfs 
    • share references with others
  • create a backup of your references to import into another program.

View our basic comparison chart for some of the popular programs.

Experiment with the various programs to find what works best for you!


Other Choices

Feeling adventurous? Below are some other tools that have received good ratings in reviews, that are cutting-edge, or that students and faculty have recommended to us.

Top Choices

While every academic institution is different, many university faculty and students use these tools. They have been around for a long time and are generally considered to be the standards.

Citation Management with Zotero (Dudley Knox Library Guide)

Zotero Logo, image found:

Free, easy-to-use tool to help you collect, organize, cite and share your research sources. Runs as a separate application with a connector that plugs into your choice of browser (Chrome, Safari or Firefox). 

Zotero download information

  • Free
  • Easy one-click to add citations
  • Good metadata scraping
  • Relate citations, take notes
  • Social group integration

Zotero Quickstart Guide

Zotero Support Documentation

Citation Management With RefWorks (Dudley Knox Library Guide)

A web based citation management program that the library licenses. Use it to collect, organize, cite and share your research materials.

RefWorks Tech Support:; (757)327-4105
  • Free account available to NPS authenticated users (because the library has paid for it)
  • Direct Export from Library databases
  • Organize your citations in folders
  • Read and annotate your documents online
  • Create citations and bibliographies in Word with ProQuest for Word or RefWorks Citation Manager
  • Dudley Knox librarians are familiar with this and can provide assistance.

Fully functional reference manager that you download to your own desktop. Students can purchase it at a steep discount. Free trial available.