Citation Guide

BibTeX Code for IEEE

BibTeX Code for IEEE Examples

The following codes are for supplementary use with the NPS thesis LaTeX template, available at
https://wiki.nps.edu/display/LaTexTP/LaTex+Thesis+Portal. The template comes prepackaged with a BibTeX tool.

 

Source Type

BibTeX Code

Blog

What it will look like

Use misc class.
@misc{locke_2020,
  author = "J. Locke",
  title = "Effect of weird tails in 35mm Innsmouth sprocket periodicity distributions on re-tiered bicyclical phase shifting using {C}thulhean logic",
  month = "Dec. 22,",
  year = "2020. [Online]",
  howpublished = "Thing’s Credible!, blog", 
  url = "https://wrywhisker.pulpfriction.net/wallcrust/linear-colinear-felinear.html"
}

Book

(print)  

What it will look like

Normal use of book class.
@book{pollan_2006,
  author = "M. Pollan",
  title = "The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals",
  publisher = "Penguin",
  address = "New York, NY, USA",
  edition = "2nd ed.",
  year = "2006"
}

Book Chapter

In edited book

What it will look like

Use incollection class.
@incollection{haynes_2009,
  author = "P. Haynes",
  editor = "D. Moran and J. A. Russel",
  title = "Al-{Q}aeda, oil dependence, and {U.S.} foreign policy",
  booktitle = "Energy Security and Global Politics: The Militarization of Resource Management",
  publisher = "Routledge",
  address = "New York, NY, USA",
  year = "2009",
  pages = "62--77"
}

Book Electronic

With URL

What it will look like

Use ebook entry, with howpublished and URL declarations
@ebook{bonds_2014,
  author = "M. E. Bonds",
  title = "Absolute Music: The History of an Idea",
  howpublished = "Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA, 2014. [Online].",
  url = "https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199343638.003.0004",
}

Book Electronic

With book provider

What it will look like

Normal ebook entry, with howpublished decorations.
@ebook{krishnan_2008,
  author = "A. Krishnan",
  title = "War as Business: Technological Change and Military Service Contracting",
  howpublished = "Aldershot, England: Ashgate, 2008. [Online]. Kindle edition",
}

Book Portion

What it will look like

Normal use of inbook.
@inbook{orend_2013,
  author = "B. Orend",
  title = "Morality of War",
  publisher = "Broadview Press",
  address = " Tonawanda, NY",
  edition = "2nd ed.",
  year = "2013",
  chapter = "2, sec.\ 3",
  pages = "67--70"
}

Book in a Series

What it will look like

Not just a book, but a part of a book portion (since there is page range).
@inbook{abramowitz_64,
  editor = "M. Abramowitz and I. A. Stegun",
  title = "Handbook of Mathematical Functions",
  series = "Applied Mathematics Series 55",
  publisher = "NBS",
  address = "Washington, DC, USA",
  pages = "32--33",
  year = "1964"
}

Book Volume

What it will look like

Normal use of incollection for a chapter in a volume of collected works.
@incollection{myer_77,
  author        = "R. L. Myer",
  editor        = "P. G. Harper and B. S. Wherret",
  title         = "Parametric oscillators and nonlinear materials",
  booktitle     = "Nonlinear Optics",
  publisher     = "Academic Press",
  address       = "San Francisco, CA",
  year          = "1977",
  volume        = "4",
  pages         = "47--160",
}

Class Notes / Lecture / Presentation / Workshop

What it will look like

Use misc for class notes.
@misc{NPS_notes_2013,
  title = "New applications in computational mechanics",
  organization = "Dept. of Mech. and Aerosp. Eng., Naval Postgraduate School",
  howpublished = "class notes for Computational Mechanics",
  address = "Monterey, CA",
  year = "spring 2013"
}

Computer Program / Software

What it will look like

Variant of manual class
@manual{comprehensive_2005,
  author = "M. Borenstein and L. Hedges and J. Higgins and H. Rothstein",
  address = "Englewood, NJ, USA",
  title = "Comprehensive Meta-Analysis",
  howpublished = "ver. 2",
  year = "2005. [Online].",
  url = "http://www.meta-analysis.com"
}

Conference Paper / Proceedings

(online)

What it will look like

Variant of inproceedings class. Note brackets for more than two authors and placement of "Online."
@inproceedings{herculano_2008,
  author = "{S. Herculano-Houzel, C. E. Collins, P. Wong, J. H. Kass, and R. Lent}",
  title = "The basic nonuniformity of the cerebral cortex",
  booktitle = "Proc. of the Natl. Acad. of Sci. of the USA",
  year = "2008. [Online].",
  url = "doi: 10.1073/pnas.0805417105",
}

Conference Paper / Proceedings

(print)

What it will look like

Normal use of inproceedings class.
@inproceedings{katz_2007,
  author = "I. Katz and K. Gabayan and H. Aghajan",
  title = "A multi-touch surface using multiple cameras",
  booktitle = "Adv. Conc. for Intell. Vis. Sys.: 9th Intl. Conf.",
  year = "2007",
  pages = "133--203"
}

Conference Paper Presented at Conference

Unpublished

What it will look like

Use misc.
@misc{kirby_2013,
  author = "K. Kirby and J. Stratton",
  title = "{V}an {A}llen probes: Successful launch campaign and early operations exploring earth's radiation belts",
  howpublished = "presented at IEEE Aerospace Conference",
  address = "Big Sky, MT",
  year = "2013"
}

Data Set / Database

What it will look like

Normal use of electronic class.
@electronic{nsa_ipac_2012,
  author = "{NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database}",
  organization = "Object name IRAS F00400+4059",
  url = "http://nedwww.ipac.caltech.edu/",
  note = "Accessed Dec. 10, 2012"
}

Dictionary / Encyclopedia

What it will look like

 

Use misc class, placing most elements in howpublished. Note italics on dictionary name.
@misc{merriam_2017,
  title = "Metamorphosis",
  howpublished = {\emph{Merriam-Webster}. Accessed July 6, 2017. [Online]},
  url = "https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/metamorphosis"
}

Fact Sheet

What it will look like

Use misc class, placing most elements in howpublished. Note italics on title.
@misc{texas_2015,
  author = "{Texas Instruments}",
  howpublished = {\emph{LM555 timer}, SNAS548D, 2015. [Online]},
  url = "http://www.ti.com/lit/ds/symlink/lm555.pdfs"
}

Government / Military Document

CRS or GAO Report

What it will look like

Variant  of misc class.
@misc{erwin_2011,
  author = "M. C. Erwin",
  title = "Intelligence issues for Congress",
  address = "Washington, DC: USA",
  howpublished = "CRS Report No. RL33539",
  year = "2011. [Online].",
  url = "http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/intel/RL33539.pdf"
}

Government / Military Document

Directive

What it will look like

Follow the manual style. Note use of "Online" if found online.
@manual{dod_5000.1,
  title = "The Defense Acquisition System",
  howpublished = "DOD Directive 5000.1",
  organization = "Under Secretary of Defense (AT\&L)",
  address = "Washington, DC, USA",
  year = "2003. [Online].",
  url = "http://www.esd.whs.mil/Portals/54/Documents/
DD/issuances/dodm/857001m.pdf",
}

Government / Military Document

Doctrine

What it will look like

Follow the manual style. Note use of "Online" if found online.
@manual{JP1,
  title = "Doctrine for the Armed Forces of the United States",
  howpublished = "JP-1",
  organization = "Joint Chiefs of Staff",
  address = "Washington, DC, USA",
  year = "2017. [Online].",
  url = "https://fas.org/irp/doddir/dod/jp1.pdf",
}

Government / Military Document

Field Manual / Military Regulation

What it will look like

Follow the manual style. We add the section range as a note, since its not a normal page range.
@manual{engineer_ops_2011,
  title = "Engineer Operations",
  howpublished = "FM 3-34",
  organization = "U.S. Dept. of the Army",
  address = "Washington, DC",
  year = "2011",
  note = "3.8--3.9",
}

Government / Military Document

Instruction

What it will look like

Follow the manual style.
@manual{instruction_1000.01,
  title         = "Identification (ID) Cards Required by the Geneva Convention",
  howpublished  = "DOD Instruction 1000.01",
  organization  = "Department of Defense",
  address       = "Washington, DC",
  year          = "2012",
  pages         = "1-1, 1-10"
}

Government / Military Document

Memorandum

What it will look like

Variant of misc class. Notice escaping for special characters in URL.
@misc{takai_2013,
  author        = "T. M. Takai",
  title         = "Adoption of the national information exchange model within the {D}epartment of {D}efense",
  address       = "Washington, DC: USA",
  howpublished  = "official memorandum,  {D}epartment of {D}efense, Washington, DC, USA",
  year          = "2013. [Online].",
  url           = "http://dodcio.defense.gov/Portals/0/Documents/2013-03-28\%20Adoption\%20of\%20the\%20NIEM\%20within\%20the\%20DoD.pdf"
}

Handbook

(online)

What it will look like

Follow the manual class. Enter "[Online]" in year field.
@manual{talleen_1996,
  author = "S. L. Talleen",
  title = "The IntraNet architecture: Managing information in the new paradigm",
  organization = "Amdahl Corps",
  address = "Sunnyvale, CA, USA",
  year = "1996. [Online].",
  month = Aug,
  url = "http://www.Amdahl.com/doc/products/bsg/intra/intra/html",
}

Handbook

(print)

What it will look like

Follows the manual style. 
@manual{transmission_comm_85,
  title = "Transmission Systems for Communications",
  edition = "3rd",
  organization = "Western Elect. Co.",
  address = "Winston-Salem, NC",
  year = "1985",
  pages = "44--60",
}

Journal Article

(online)

What it will look like

Article entry populated with "[Online]" and URL in year field.
@article{sanico_2018,
  author = "G. Sanico and M. Kakinaka",
  title = "Terrorism and deterrence policy with transnational support",
  journal = "Def. \& Peace Econ.",
  volume = "19",
  number = "2",
  year = "2018. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/10242690701505419",
  month = "April",
}

Journal Article

(print)

What it will look like

Normal use of article class.
@article{wang_2014,
  author = "W. Q. Wang and H. Shao",
  title = "High altitude platform multichannel {SAR} for wide-area and staring imaging",
  journal = "Aerosp. and Electron. Syst.",
  volume = "29",
  number = "25",
  month = mar,
  year = "2014",
  pages = "12--17"
}

Legal

Legislative Document

What it will look like

Variant of electronic with strange authors, use journal field to put title in italics.
@electronic{congress_1991,
  author = "{U.S. House. 102nd Congress, 1st Session}",
  journal = "H. Con. Res. 1, Sense of the Congress on Approval of Military Action",
  year = "1991",
  month = "Jan. 11",
  url = "http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z?c102:H.CON.RES.1.IH",
}

Legal

Public Law, U.S. Code

What it will look like

Variant of electronic with strange authors, most information in howpublished.
@electronic{americans_1991,
  author = "{Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990}",
  howpublished = "42 U.S.C. § 12101. 1991",
}

Map

Google

What it will look like

Use misc class, entering "[Online]" in year field.
@misc{Google_2017,
  author = "Google",
  title = "Monterey Bay",
  month = "Accessed Jul. 6, 2017.",
  year = "[Online]",
  url = "https://www.google.com/maps/
place/Monterey+Bay/@36.7896106,-122.0843052,11z/data =
!3m1!4b1!4m5!3m4!1s0x808e0ccfc5859dfd:0x124654a608855d43!8m2!3d36.8007413!4d-121.947311"
}

Newspaper Article

(online)

What it will look like

Use misc, entering "Online" in year. Note period and comma in month.
@misc{linguine_2016,
  author = "L. Linguine",
  title = "Animal fat shampoos for achieving angel hair",
  journal = "Knife and Spork Semi-Weekly",
  year = "2016. [Online]",
  month = "Jul. 15,",
  url = "http://www.chickenyodeling.com/dfjgp98y4t34_pherg899h.html/"
}

Newspaper Article

(print)

What it will look like

Variant of misc. Use italics in howpublished and comma in month.
@misc{stulberg_2016,
  author = "J. Stulberg",
  title = "The art of creating crossword puzzles",
  howpublished = "\emph{New York Times}",
  year = "2016",
  month = "Jul. 15,"
}

Patent

What it will look like

Normal use of patent class.
@patent{bell_1876,
  author = "A. G. Bell",
  title = "Improvement in telegraphy",
  nationality = "United States",
  number = "174465",
  day = "7",
  month = Mar,
  year = "1876",
  url = "https://www.google.com/patents/US174465"
}

Personal Communication / Interview / Email

What it will look like

Use misc.
@misc{ajanlekoko_2009,
  author = "R. Ajanlekoko",
  howpublished = "private communication",
  year = "2009",
  month = sep,
}

Report

Research Report / Think Tank Report / White Paper

What it will look like

Use misc class, placing a lot of info in howpublished declaration.
@misc{dixon_2017,
  author = "L. Dixon and N. Clancy and B. M. Miller and S. Hoegberg and M. M. Lewis and {B. Bender et al.}",
  title = "The cost and affordability of flood insurance in New York City",
  howpublished = "RAND Corp., Santa Monica, CA, USA, RR-1776-NYCEDC",
  year = "2017. [Online]",
  url = "https://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/research_reports/RR1700/RR1776/
RAND_RR1776.pdf"
}

Report

Technical Report

With author

What it will look like

Use techreport class.
@techreport{effendi_2009,
  author = "S. V. Effendi and X. Vilhjálmsson",
  title = "The absorption rate of potatoes in salmonella",
  institution = "Dept. Vet. Stud.",
  address = "Madison, WI, USA",
  number = "17-59",
  year = "2009. [Online]",
  url = "https://vetstudies.edu/donteatthosefries.html"
}

Report

Technical Report

With agency as author

(online)

What it will look like

 (Mis)use techreport class, place address in institution declaration.
@techreport{national_toxicology_2012,
  author = "{National Toxicology Program}",
  title = "Toxicology and carcinogenesis studies of trimethylolpropane triacrylate {(CASRN 15625-89-5) in F344/N rats and B6C3F1/N mice (Topical Application Studies)}",
  institution = "Washington, DC, USA",
  number = "TR-576, 2012",
  year = "2012. [Online]",
  url = "https://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/results/pubs/longterm/reports/longterm/tr500580
?/listedreports/tr576/index.html"
}

Report

Technical Report

(print)

What it will look like

Use techreport class.
@techreport{abdulatipov_2012,
  author = "K. A. Abdulatipov and F. Ramazonov",
  title = "The absorption rate of E. coli in cats",
  institution = "Dept. Vet. Stud.",
  address = "Madison, WI, USA",
  number = "17-59",
  year = "2012"
}

Standard

What it will look like

Standards fit well with manual class.
@manual{ieee_308,
  title         = "IEEE Criteria for Class IE Electric Systems",
  howpublished  = "IEEE Standard 308",
  year          = "1969",
}

Thesis / Dissertation

What it will look like

Normal use of mastersthesis class. By default the type is "Master's thesis".
If we want something more specific like M.S. thesis, we need to set a new type field.
@mastersthesis{kawasaki_1993,
  author        = "N. Kawasaki",
  title         = "Parametric study of thermal and chemical nonequilibrium nozzle flow",
  school        = "Dept. Electron. Eng., Osaka Univ.",
  address       = "Osaka, Japan",
  type          = "M.S. thesis",
  year          = "1993",
}

Normal use of phdthesis class.
@phdthesis{williams_1993,
  author        = "J. O. Williams",
  title         = "Narrow-band analyzer",
  school        = "Dept. Elect. Eng., Harvard Univ.",
  address       = "Cambridge, MA",
  year          = "1993"
}

Unpublished / Informally Published Work

What it will look like

Normal use of unpublished class.
@unpublished{briscoe_unpub,
  author = "R. Briscoe",
  title = "Egocentric spatial representation in action and perception",
  note = "unpublished"
}

Website / Webpage

Author and publication date given

What it will look like

Use misc class, entering "[Online]" in year field.
@misc{Roth_2017,
  author = "R. Roth",
  title = "75 years ago, the {D}oolittle {R}aid changed history",
  howpublished = "CNN",
  month = "Apr. 18,",
  year = "2017. [Online]",
  url = "http://www.cnn.com/2017/04/18/us/75th-anniversary-doolittle-raid/index.html"
}

Website / Webpage


No author given
Organization as author

What it will look like

Use electronic class, note brackets around organization as author, enter date after title.
@electronic{FBI_2017,
  author = {{Federal Bureau of Investigation}},
  title = {"Forging papers to sell fake art," Apr. 6, 2017},
  url = "https://www.fbi.gov/news/stories/forging-papers-to-sell-fake-art"
}

Website / Webpage

No author or date given

What it will look like

Use electronic class, note brackets around organization as author, enter access date after title.

  author = {{Department of Defense}},
  title = {``About the Department of Defense (DOD).'' Accessed Apr. 18, 2017},
  url = "https://www.defense.gov/About/"
}

 

Website / Webpage

Janes Example

What it will look like

Use misc class, placing most elements in howpublished.
@misc{Janes_2017,
  title = "Mali: Executive summary",
  howpublished = {Janes, May 31, 2017. [Online]},
  url = "https://customer.janes.com/"
}

Wikipedia

What it will look like

Misc class, placing most elements in howpublished. Note italics on "Wikipedia"
@misc{wiki_2016,
  title = "Strength training",
  howpublished = {\emph{Wikipedia}. Accessed Apr. 28, 2016. [Online]},
  url = "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strength_training"
}

Working / Occasional Paper

What it will look like

Misc works well, placing many elements in howpublished.
@misc{sushi_2021,
  author = "U. Q. Sushi",
  title = "Three-handed {F}ibonacci model for optimizing surface-to-volume ratio of temaki in {H}ilbert space",
  howpublished = "working paper, Donburi Inst. of Int. Gastron., Pierre, SD, USA, 2021. [Online]",
  url = "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychology"
}

Video

With date

News video,  YouTube, or
any kind of streaming video

Variant of electronic, placing date in title field. Note special LaTeX quotation marks in title field.
@electronic{youtube_2013,
  author = "{HKUST Library}",
  title = {``How to cite in IEEE style.'' Oct. 9, 2013},
  howpublished = "[YouTube video]",
  url = "http://www.youtube.com/watch?v =18uWvm6W4bc"
}

Video

No date

News video,  YouTube, or
any kind of streaming video

Variant of electronic, placing access date in title field. Note special LaTeX quotation marks in title field.
@electronic{youtube_2014,
  author = "{IEEE}",
  title = {{``IEEE one voice.'' Accessed Aug. 14, 2014.}},
  howpublished = "[YouTube video]",
  url = "https://www.youtube.com/user/IEEEorg"
}