Fair use is a concept embedded in U.S. law that recognizes that certain uses of copyright-protected works do not require permission from the copyright holder. (See Title 17, section 107)
The Fair Use Doctrine is probably the most important exemption to copyright protections for educational settings, allowing many uses of copyrighted works for the purposes of teaching and research. The complexity of fair use and its importance in academia make it imperative that every member of the NPS research community understands how to make judgements concerning fair use.
Many myths persist about fair use, an essential right that allows the use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright holder under certain circumstances. Read "Infographic Debunks Common Myths about Fair Use" from Association for Research Libraries (ARL).
The following four factors are used to determine if a use is fair:
The scenarios below are intended to help faculty and students evaluate Fair Use. These scenarios are illustrative, not exhaustive.
The examples deal with situations involving:
Here are some excellent best practices documents, with good examples, for Fair Use across various media: