Citation Guide

Learn how to cite articles, books, reports, theses, government documents, etc. for NPS theses, papers, and publications

How to use this guide

Citation Guide checklist

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Citation Styles by Department or Program

Each of the following NPS departments has a required or preferred citation style for theses, dissertations, capstone project reports, and final project reports. If you do not see your department or program listed, check with your thesis advisor before the thesis proposal stage to determine the style best suited to your academic field.

Department or Program

Citation Style

Acquisition Research Program (ARP)

APA preferred, but advisors may choose another citation style

Center for Homeland Defense and Security (CHDS)

Turabian (Notes & Bibliography)

Cyber Systems and Operations (CSO/MACO)

IEEE preferred, but advisors may choose another citation style

Defense Analysis (DA)

Chicago (Notes & Bibliography) preferred, but advisors may choose another citation style

Department of Defense Management (DDM) APA preferred, but advisors may choose another citation style
Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) IEEE
Engineering (if not listed separately) IEEE
Human Systems Integration (HSI) APA
Information Sciences (IS) APA preferred, but advisors may choose another citation style
Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering (MAE) ASME, AIAA, or IEEE preferred, but advisors may choose another citation style
Meteorology and Operational Oceanography (METOC) AMS
National Security Affairs (NSA) Chicago (Notes & Bibliography)
Operations Research (OR) Some OR advisors require INFORMS
Physics (PH) IEEE preferred, but advisors may choose another citation style
Space Systems Academic Group (SSAG) IEEE or Chicago (Author-Date)but advisors may choose another citation style
Systems Engineering (SE) Chicago (Author-Date); IEEE if using LaTeX